Welcome!

Weblogic Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Elizabeth White, Michael Meiner, Michael Bushong, Avi Rosenthal

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, Java IoT, IBM Cloud, Weblogic, Open Source Cloud, @CloudExpo

Microservices Expo: Article

Making Cloud a Reality for Enterprises via SOA Governance

Governance is the key for enterprises to successfully deliver applications in the cloud

Cloud computing is slowly gaining credibility and traction in the enterprise world. As giants such as Google and Amazon productize their massive cloud infrastructures, moving enterprise applications to the public cloud seems a more realistic possibility. The advantages of an enterprise application leveraging the public cloud sound like utopia - lowered total cost of ownership and overhead costs, ease of maintenance, inherent high availability and scalability that is built into the infrastructure. Yet when the theory of moving to the cloud is put into practice, the biggest hurdle that stalls the success of the transition is governance. This article analyzes its importance and the various aspects of governance in the realm of cloud computing.

Governance in the Cloud
Many organizations are reluctant to move forward with a cloud computing strategy because of justified concerns related to security, compliance and control. Without a doubt, information is the biggest strategic asset for any organization. The fear of compromise can throttle the transition of enterprise applications to the cloud. In the cloud, governance must be treated as a first-class citizen. The threats are greater and the stakes are higher when information is not in direct corporate oversight. Commitment to the rigors of governance will bring freedom in leveraging the advantages of the cloud paradigm.

Here are some of the key aspects to consider around governance in the cloud.

Answering the 4 Ws: Enterprises need to have fine-grained control to answer the 4 Ws:

  • WHO can access the application, data and resources
  • WHAT permissions a specific user has
  • WHERE is the application and the data
  • WHEN was the application accessed

To exercise this level of application control, it is mandatory to have a well-defined mechanism to define these security, auditing, and compliance policies. In addition, defining and managing policies should be decoupled from the development of the service and the underlying distributed cloud infrastructure so they can change independently of each other. For example, a new regulatory requirement may need to be enforced through a policy on an application. However, changes in the policy should not require rewriting the application. Also decoupling a policy allows it to be applied to multiple applications or services. While design and development of the policy should be decoupled from the application, the actual enforcement should be part and parcel of the actual application so there is a reduced chance of breach of contract. These seemingly contradictory requirements need to be met for successful governance of the enterprise application in the cloud.

  • Managing Service Level Agreements (SLAs): It is one thing to have raw computing power at your call and another to leverage it to meet service level agreements through peak application performance. This is an aspect of governance that is intensified with the transition to the cloud. Users move enterprise applications to the cloud with the hope of leveraging the infinite computing power of the distributed world. However, visibility into how the cloud is being leveraged to meet SLAs, whether they are indeed being met, and how easily the cloud can be set up to deliver on this are all requirements to consider as part of the governance of SLAs on the cloud. In addition to the infrastructure-level SLAs (CPU usage, memory utilization, etc.), business-level SLAs also need to be defined. For instance, your business SLA could define a response time for an order processing application. The order processing application can in turn be comprised of various intertwined distributed service interactions. It is critical to be able to manage the performance of the entire application and be application aware to dynamically deploy additional instances of services to meet these business SLAs.
  • Application Lifecycle Management: Lifecycle governance focuses on the entire lifecycle of an application or service, from design to development, to test to deployment and maintenance. It also involves assessing and managing change impact on operations and services. When you factor in the cloud, this involves end-to-end lifecycle management across distributed computing boundaries. This implies the need for very selective transparency of the underlying infrastructure for management of the enterprise application. Where exactly the application resides should not be visible while considering the processes around design and development of services. On the other hand, during phases in the lifecycle such as deployment and management, it should be possible to seamlessly leverage the power of the cloud without needing to figure which exact node or machine in the cloud the application needs to be deployed to or what the underlying software is at the node of execution.
  • Governance Body: In addition to ensuring you have the right tools in place to effectively deliver a secure, governed application in the cloud, it is important for the organization to establish a regulatory body. This is imperative in any organization that wants success with their SOA, even without the cloud paradigm. Factoring in the cloud makes the need for a regulatory body that much more important, as the parameters that affect the success of SOA become more complex. The regulatory body should be responsible for the success of governance; establishing guidelines, principles and processes; and foreseeing the overall enforcement of governance.

Governance is the key for enterprises to successfully deliver applications in the cloud. All aspects of lifecycle and operational governance assume a level of complexity when considered for the cloud. As the industry recognizes the need for governance as an enabler to successful adoption of the cloud, and the unique set of challenges associated with the cloud deployments, we see new offerings emerge across the spectrum. Considering the nascency of the market, most offerings address only a few of the aspects discussed in the previous section. It is imperative to consider a holistic approach to governance that addresses all aspects of it rather than just one or two criteria. To get an enterprise application up and running on the cloud, there is a need for opaqueness on the underlying infrastructure so that the users can focus on the business use that the enterprise application is meant to address.

Cloud platforms have emerged as the solution to this problem where the personnel associated with the application such as developers, business, operational and administrative users can focus on their specific use while the cloud platform leverages the power of the underlying distributed system. A cloud platform that provides comprehensive coverage of lifecycle and operational governance and addresses all the obstacles discussed in the earlier part of this article can be a powerful ally in making enterprise applications successful in leveraging the infinite computing power of the cloud.

More Stories By Mala Ramakrishnan

Mala Ramakrishnan is a Product Marketing Manager at TIBCO who manages outbound marketing functions across the SOA and BPM product lines. Previous to this, Mala head the Developer Strategy at TIBCO to drive demand generation and user adoption of TIBCO’s products. Mala has over 10 years experience in product development, management and marketing roles across a variety of software offerings ranging from network optimization to software security to mobile computing. She holds a Masters in Computer Science from Stanford University.

More Stories By Sriram Chakravarthy

Sriram Chakravarthy is Sr. Product Marketing Manager, Cloud Services at TIBCO. He has more then 10 years of experience in the designing and implementing of high performance messaging servers, integration and on-demand platforms. He has helped design scalable, high-performance middleware architecture for several large customers. Sriram has several patents filed in the distributed computing and Web Services space.

More Stories By Srini Vinnakota

Srini Vinnakota is Product Marketing Manager, SOA Governance at TIBCO Software. He has more than 6 years of experience in product management & marketing, product development, customer service, and account management in Enterprise Software (TIBCO Software, Siebel Systems), Digital Media (Sun Microsystems’ Research Labs), and Web 2.0 eCommerce (eBay). Over the years, he worked with customers from various industries such as Financial Services, Telecommunications, High-Tech, and Transportation. He has an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management and an MS (Computer Science) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

More Stories By Chris Nguyen

Chris Nguyen is group product marketing manager at Adobe. As a group product marketing manager on the Adobe Experience Manager team, he is responsible for go-to-market strategy and field readiness for Adobe Experience Manager’s cloud deployment product offerings. Prior to joining Adobe, Nguyen served as manager of product marketing for TIBCO Software’s Service Oriented Architecture platform, focusing on application development, governance, and integration and product management at BEA Systems (Oracle).

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
To Really Work for Enterprises, MultiCloud Adoption Requires Far Better and Inclusive Cloud Monitoring and Cost Management … But How? Overwhelmingly, even as enterprises have adopted cloud computing and are expanding to multi-cloud computing, IT leaders remain concerned about how to monitor, manage and control costs across hybrid and multi-cloud deployments. It’s clear that traditional IT monitoring and management approaches, designed after all for on-premises data centers, are falling short in ...
Organizations planning enterprise data center consolidation and modernization projects are faced with a challenging, costly reality. Requirements to deploy modern, cloud-native applications simultaneously with traditional client/server applications are almost impossible to achieve with hardware-centric enterprise infrastructure. Compute and network infrastructure are fast moving down a software-defined path, but storage has been a laggard. Until now.
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that the upcoming DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO New York event will feature 10 companies from Poland to participate at the "Poland Digital Transformation Pavilion" on November 12-13, 2018.
Digital Transformation is much more than a buzzword. The radical shift to digital mechanisms for almost every process is evident across all industries and verticals. This is often especially true in financial services, where the legacy environment is many times unable to keep up with the rapidly shifting demands of the consumer. The constant pressure to provide complete, omnichannel delivery of customer-facing solutions to meet both regulatory and customer demands is putting enormous pressure on...
The best way to leverage your CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at CloudEXPO. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audienc...
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and ...
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smart...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that All in Mobile, a mobile app development company from Poland, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. All In Mobile is a mobile app development company from Poland. Since 2014, they maintain passion for developing mobile applications for enterprises and startups worldwide.
@DevOpsSummit at Cloud Expo, taking place November 12-13 in New York City, NY, is co-located with 22nd international CloudEXPO | first international DXWorldEXPO and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.
In his keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Sheng Liang, co-founder and CEO of Rancher Labs, discussed the technological advances and new business opportunities created by the rapid adoption of containers. With the success of Amazon Web Services (AWS) and various open source technologies used to build private clouds, cloud computing has become an essential component of IT strategy. However, users continue to face challenges in implementing clouds, as older technologies evolve and newer ones like Docker c...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that ICC-USA, a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances, will exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO. DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City. ICC is a computer systems integrator and server manufacturing company focused on developing products and product appliances to meet a wide range of ...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
We are seeing a major migration of enterprises applications to the cloud. As cloud and business use of real time applications accelerate, legacy networks are no longer able to architecturally support cloud adoption and deliver the performance and security required by highly distributed enterprises. These outdated solutions have become more costly and complicated to implement, install, manage, and maintain.SD-WAN offers unlimited capabilities for accessing the benefits of the cloud and Internet. ...
Headquartered in Plainsboro, NJ, Synametrics Technologies has provided IT professionals and computer systems developers since 1997. Based on the success of their initial product offerings (WinSQL and DeltaCopy), the company continues to create and hone innovative products that help its customers get more from their computer applications, databases and infrastructure. To date, over one million users around the world have chosen Synametrics solutions to help power their accelerated business or per...
Founded in 2000, Chetu Inc. is a global provider of customized software development solutions and IT staff augmentation services for software technology providers. By providing clients with unparalleled niche technology expertise and industry experience, Chetu has become the premiere long-term, back-end software development partner for start-ups, SMBs, and Fortune 500 companies. Chetu is headquartered in Plantation, Florida, with thirteen offices throughout the U.S. and abroad.
Dion Hinchcliffe is an internationally recognized digital expert, bestselling book author, frequent keynote speaker, analyst, futurist, and transformation expert based in Washington, DC. He is currently Chief Strategy Officer at the industry-leading digital strategy and online community solutions firm, 7Summits.
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science," is responsible for setting the strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings and capabilities for EMC Global Services Big Data Practice. As the CTO for the Big Data Practice, he is responsible for working with organizations to help them identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He's written several white papers, is an avid blogge...
Charles Araujo is an industry analyst, internationally recognized authority on the Digital Enterprise and author of The Quantum Age of IT: Why Everything You Know About IT is About to Change. As Principal Analyst with Intellyx, he writes, speaks and advises organizations on how to navigate through this time of disruption. He is also the founder of The Institute for Digital Transformation and a sought after keynote speaker. He has been a regular contributor to both InformationWeek and CIO Insight...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...