Welcome!

Weblogic Authors: Elizabeth White, Michael Meiner, Michael Bushong, Avi Rosenthal

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, Java IoT, IBM Cloud, Weblogic, Open Source Cloud, @CloudExpo

Microservices Expo: Article

Making Cloud a Reality for Enterprises via SOA Governance

Governance is the key for enterprises to successfully deliver applications in the cloud

Cloud computing is slowly gaining credibility and traction in the enterprise world. As giants such as Google and Amazon productize their massive cloud infrastructures, moving enterprise applications to the public cloud seems a more realistic possibility. The advantages of an enterprise application leveraging the public cloud sound like utopia - lowered total cost of ownership and overhead costs, ease of maintenance, inherent high availability and scalability that is built into the infrastructure. Yet when the theory of moving to the cloud is put into practice, the biggest hurdle that stalls the success of the transition is governance. This article analyzes its importance and the various aspects of governance in the realm of cloud computing.

Governance in the Cloud
Many organizations are reluctant to move forward with a cloud computing strategy because of justified concerns related to security, compliance and control. Without a doubt, information is the biggest strategic asset for any organization. The fear of compromise can throttle the transition of enterprise applications to the cloud. In the cloud, governance must be treated as a first-class citizen. The threats are greater and the stakes are higher when information is not in direct corporate oversight. Commitment to the rigors of governance will bring freedom in leveraging the advantages of the cloud paradigm.

Here are some of the key aspects to consider around governance in the cloud.

Answering the 4 Ws: Enterprises need to have fine-grained control to answer the 4 Ws:

  • WHO can access the application, data and resources
  • WHAT permissions a specific user has
  • WHERE is the application and the data
  • WHEN was the application accessed

To exercise this level of application control, it is mandatory to have a well-defined mechanism to define these security, auditing, and compliance policies. In addition, defining and managing policies should be decoupled from the development of the service and the underlying distributed cloud infrastructure so they can change independently of each other. For example, a new regulatory requirement may need to be enforced through a policy on an application. However, changes in the policy should not require rewriting the application. Also decoupling a policy allows it to be applied to multiple applications or services. While design and development of the policy should be decoupled from the application, the actual enforcement should be part and parcel of the actual application so there is a reduced chance of breach of contract. These seemingly contradictory requirements need to be met for successful governance of the enterprise application in the cloud.

  • Managing Service Level Agreements (SLAs): It is one thing to have raw computing power at your call and another to leverage it to meet service level agreements through peak application performance. This is an aspect of governance that is intensified with the transition to the cloud. Users move enterprise applications to the cloud with the hope of leveraging the infinite computing power of the distributed world. However, visibility into how the cloud is being leveraged to meet SLAs, whether they are indeed being met, and how easily the cloud can be set up to deliver on this are all requirements to consider as part of the governance of SLAs on the cloud. In addition to the infrastructure-level SLAs (CPU usage, memory utilization, etc.), business-level SLAs also need to be defined. For instance, your business SLA could define a response time for an order processing application. The order processing application can in turn be comprised of various intertwined distributed service interactions. It is critical to be able to manage the performance of the entire application and be application aware to dynamically deploy additional instances of services to meet these business SLAs.
  • Application Lifecycle Management: Lifecycle governance focuses on the entire lifecycle of an application or service, from design to development, to test to deployment and maintenance. It also involves assessing and managing change impact on operations and services. When you factor in the cloud, this involves end-to-end lifecycle management across distributed computing boundaries. This implies the need for very selective transparency of the underlying infrastructure for management of the enterprise application. Where exactly the application resides should not be visible while considering the processes around design and development of services. On the other hand, during phases in the lifecycle such as deployment and management, it should be possible to seamlessly leverage the power of the cloud without needing to figure which exact node or machine in the cloud the application needs to be deployed to or what the underlying software is at the node of execution.
  • Governance Body: In addition to ensuring you have the right tools in place to effectively deliver a secure, governed application in the cloud, it is important for the organization to establish a regulatory body. This is imperative in any organization that wants success with their SOA, even without the cloud paradigm. Factoring in the cloud makes the need for a regulatory body that much more important, as the parameters that affect the success of SOA become more complex. The regulatory body should be responsible for the success of governance; establishing guidelines, principles and processes; and foreseeing the overall enforcement of governance.

Governance is the key for enterprises to successfully deliver applications in the cloud. All aspects of lifecycle and operational governance assume a level of complexity when considered for the cloud. As the industry recognizes the need for governance as an enabler to successful adoption of the cloud, and the unique set of challenges associated with the cloud deployments, we see new offerings emerge across the spectrum. Considering the nascency of the market, most offerings address only a few of the aspects discussed in the previous section. It is imperative to consider a holistic approach to governance that addresses all aspects of it rather than just one or two criteria. To get an enterprise application up and running on the cloud, there is a need for opaqueness on the underlying infrastructure so that the users can focus on the business use that the enterprise application is meant to address.

Cloud platforms have emerged as the solution to this problem where the personnel associated with the application such as developers, business, operational and administrative users can focus on their specific use while the cloud platform leverages the power of the underlying distributed system. A cloud platform that provides comprehensive coverage of lifecycle and operational governance and addresses all the obstacles discussed in the earlier part of this article can be a powerful ally in making enterprise applications successful in leveraging the infinite computing power of the cloud.

More Stories By Mala Ramakrishnan

Mala Ramakrishnan is a Product Marketing Manager at TIBCO who manages outbound marketing functions across the SOA and BPM product lines. Previous to this, Mala head the Developer Strategy at TIBCO to drive demand generation and user adoption of TIBCO’s products. Mala has over 10 years experience in product development, management and marketing roles across a variety of software offerings ranging from network optimization to software security to mobile computing. She holds a Masters in Computer Science from Stanford University.

More Stories By Sriram Chakravarthy

Sriram Chakravarthy is Sr. Product Marketing Manager, Cloud Services at TIBCO. He has more then 10 years of experience in the designing and implementing of high performance messaging servers, integration and on-demand platforms. He has helped design scalable, high-performance middleware architecture for several large customers. Sriram has several patents filed in the distributed computing and Web Services space.

More Stories By Srini Vinnakota

Srini Vinnakota is Product Marketing Manager, SOA Governance at TIBCO Software. He has more than 6 years of experience in product management & marketing, product development, customer service, and account management in Enterprise Software (TIBCO Software, Siebel Systems), Digital Media (Sun Microsystems’ Research Labs), and Web 2.0 eCommerce (eBay). Over the years, he worked with customers from various industries such as Financial Services, Telecommunications, High-Tech, and Transportation. He has an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management and an MS (Computer Science) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

More Stories By Chris Nguyen

Chris Nguyen is group product marketing manager at Adobe. As a group product marketing manager on the Adobe Experience Manager team, he is responsible for go-to-market strategy and field readiness for Adobe Experience Manager’s cloud deployment product offerings. Prior to joining Adobe, Nguyen served as manager of product marketing for TIBCO Software’s Service Oriented Architecture platform, focusing on application development, governance, and integration and product management at BEA Systems (Oracle).

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
"delaPlex is a software development company. We do team-based outsourcing development," explained Mark Rivers, COO and Co-founder of delaPlex Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named “Platinum Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business – from apparel to energy – is being rewritten by software. From ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Technologic Systems Inc., an embedded systems solutions company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Technologic Systems is an embedded systems company with headquarters in Fountain Hills, Arizona. They have been in business for 32 years, helping more than 8,000 OEM customers and building over a hundred COTS products that have never been discontinued. Technologic Systems’ pr...
In his keynote at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Director of IoT Engineering at Citrix and co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, focused on building an IoT platform and company. He provided a behind-the-scenes look at Octoblu’s platform, business, and pivots along the way (including the Citrix acquisition of Octoblu).
SYS-CON Events announced today that Loom Systems will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 2015, Loom Systems delivers an advanced AI solution to predict and prevent problems in the digital business. Loom stands alone in the industry as an AI analysis platform requiring no prior math knowledge from operators, leveraging the existing staff to succeed in the digital era. With offices in S...
SYS-CON Events announced today that HTBase will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. HTBase (Gartner 2016 Cool Vendor) delivers a Composable IT infrastructure solution architected for agility and increased efficiency. It turns compute, storage, and fabric into fluid pools of resources that are easily composed and re-composed to meet each application’s needs. With HTBase, companies can quickly prov...
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloud Academy will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloud Academy is the industry’s most innovative, vendor-neutral cloud technology training platform. Cloud Academy provides continuous learning solutions for individuals and enterprise teams for Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and the most popular cloud computing technologies. Ge...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buyers...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Infranics will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Since 2000, Infranics has developed SysMaster Suite, which is required for the stable and efficient management of ICT infrastructure. The ICT management solution developed and provided by Infranics continues to add intelligence to the ICT infrastructure through the IMC (Infra Management Cycle) based on mathemat...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interoute, owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Interoute is the owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform which encompasses 12 data centers, 14 virtual data centers and 31 colocation centers, with connections to 195 add...
SYS-CON Events announced today that SD Times | BZ Media has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6–8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. BZ Media LLC is a high-tech media company that produces technical conferences and expositions, and publishes a magazine, newsletters and websites in the software development, SharePoint, mobile development and commercial UAV markets.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and management into a ...
Now that the world has connected “things,” we need to build these devices as truly intelligent in order to create instantaneous and precise results. This means you have to do as much of the processing at the point of entry as you can: at the edge. The killer use cases for IoT are becoming manifest through AI engines on edge devices. An autonomous car has this dual edge/cloud analytics model, producing precise, real-time results. In his session at @ThingsExpo, John Crupi, Vice President and Eng...
There are 66 million network cameras capturing terabytes of data. How did factories in Japan improve physical security at the facilities and improve employee productivity? Edge Computing reduces possible kilobytes of data collected per second to only a few kilobytes of data transmitted to the public cloud every day. Data is aggregated and analyzed close to sensors so only intelligent results need to be transmitted to the cloud. Non-essential data is recycled to optimize storage.
"I think that everyone recognizes that for IoT to really realize its full potential and value that it is about creating ecosystems and marketplaces and that no single vendor is able to support what is required," explained Esmeralda Swartz, VP, Marketing Enterprise and Cloud at Ericsson, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Microservices are a very exciting architectural approach that many organizations are looking to as a way to accelerate innovation. Microservices promise to allow teams to move away from monolithic "ball of mud" systems, but the reality is that, in the vast majority of organizations, different projects and technologies will continue to be developed at different speeds. How to handle the dependencies between these disparate systems with different iteration cycles? Consider the "canoncial problem" ...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
As businesses adopt functionalities in cloud computing, it’s imperative that IT operations consistently ensure cloud systems work correctly – all of the time, and to their best capabilities. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Bernd Harzog, CEO and founder of OpsDataStore, will present an industry answer to the common question, “Are you running IT operations as efficiently and as cost effectively as you need to?” He will expound on the industry issues he frequently came up against as an analyst, and...