Welcome!

Weblogic Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Elizabeth White, Michael Meiner, Michael Bushong, Avi Rosenthal

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog

@CloudExpo: Article

BpaaS Interoperability as a Service

The importance of cloud brokers

In my previous article on Need for BpaaS Consortium, I stressed the need for interoperability as a number one concern for the enterprises to adopt SaaS and in particular BpaaS. I pitched for the need for a generic body or a consortium that can act to address the interoperability concerns so that the consortium can do activities such as:

  • Certifying BpaaS providers
  • Set standards for APIs and other business functionalities they expose
  • Set standards for message exchanges between the BpaaS providers

While the independent body can definitely increase the confidence of enterprises in adopting SaaS & BpaaS, but looking from another angle, the concept of BpaaS interoperability has created new opportunities for service brokers by tapping the potential opportunities in this space.

Before we go further, let us analyze the cloud computing roles as defined by NIST.

Cloud Broker: The New Role & Opportunity
The recently published Cloud Reference Architecture from NIST has defined various actors and roles:

  • Cloud Provider: Person, organization or entity responsible for making a service available to Cloud Consumers.
  • Cloud Consumer: Person or organization that maintains a business relationship with, and uses service from Cloud Providers
  • Cloud Auditor: A party that can conduct independent assessment of cloud services, information system operations, performance and security of the cloud implementation.
  • Cloud Carrier: The intermediary that provides connectivity and transport of cloud services from Cloud Providers to Cloud Consumers.
  • Cloud Broker: An entity that manages the use, performance and delivery of cloud services, and negotiates relationships between Cloud Providers and Cloud Consumers.

Very clearly we are seeing the cloud broker as a new role and opportunity that can evolve in the coming days. Initial thoughts on the cloud broker revolve around obtaining the IaaS excess capacity from multiple IaaS providers and providing the service to end users with more SLA options and cheaper cost options.

However, the real value proposition of cloud brokers can be realized if the cloud brokers started acting as BpaaS interoperability providers, so that enterprises that are acquiring BpaaS capabilities actually source from cloud brokers and not directly from BpaaS providers. Cloud brokers in turn can work on interoperability between multiple BpaaS providers so that changes in BpaaS providers will be transparent to the cloud consumers and the providers can be moved and vendor lock-in is avoided.

Message Broker Pattern in B2B Communications
The concept of a cloud broker facilitating BpaaS interoperability is not new. Most of the messaging systems that enable B2B communications have adopted this pattern in the past.

A message broker pattern is an architectural pattern for communication among applications while minimizing the mutual awareness that applications have of each other. A message broker is a physical component that handles the communication between applications. Instead of communicating with each other, applications communicate only with the message broker. An application sends a message to the message broker, providing the logical name of the receivers. The message broker looks up applications registered under the logical name and then passes the message to them.

Placing the message broker between the sender and the receiver provides flexibility in several ways. First, the message broker allows the integration solution to dynamically change its configuration. For example, if an application must be shut down for maintenance, the message broker could start routing requests to a failover application. Likewise, if the receiver cannot keep up with the incoming messages, the message broker could start load balancing between several receivers.

Second, the message broker can choose between applications that have different QoS levels. This resembles the dynamic configuration, but the message broker selects the application based on specified criteria. For example, an application for premium accounts may fulfill requests quickly, but an application for general use may have a longer processing time.

BpaaS Interoprability as a Service
By tapping into the need for BpaaS interoperability coupled with the concept of a cloud broker and message broker pattern, various organizations can actively play the role of a BpaaS broker and can provide BpaaS interoperability as a service. Here is the sequence of operations in such a scenario.

  • Various BpaaS providers start providing BpaaS solutions
  • A BpaaS consortium will act as a nonprofit governing body in setting the standards and policies for BpaaS providers
  • Cloud brokers will provide the BpaaS interoperability as part of their BpaaS offering
  • Cloud consumers will consume BpaaS solutions from the cloud brokers
  • Cloud brokers will set the standards for cloud consumers to consumer the business processes
  • Cloud brokers in turn will ensure that the service requisition calls can be transformed to different BpaaS providers
  • Cloud brokers will define the appropriate SLAs and service transition triggers that can trigger a change from one BpaaS provider to another
  • Service transition will have minimal or no impact to the cloud consumer
  • The Cloud broker will contribute actively to the BpaaS consortium community in terms of standards, lessons learned and certification activities.

Summary
The concept of BpaaS interoperability as a service looks real and has huge potential for players to tap into this business opportunity. This in turn enables enterprises to have more faith and confidence in adopting BpaaS. We will see an active role of BpaaS consortium in this endeavor. The following diagram provides an outline of this concept and requests that all the players move in this direction.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

IoT & Smart Cities Stories
The challenges of aggregating data from consumer-oriented devices, such as wearable technologies and smart thermostats, are fairly well-understood. However, there are a new set of challenges for IoT devices that generate megabytes or gigabytes of data per second. Certainly, the infrastructure will have to change, as those volumes of data will likely overwhelm the available bandwidth for aggregating the data into a central repository. Ochandarena discusses a whole new way to think about your next...
DXWorldEXPO LLC announced today that Big Data Federation to Exhibit at the 22nd International CloudEXPO, colocated with DevOpsSUMMIT and DXWorldEXPO, November 12-13, 2018 in New York City. Big Data Federation, Inc. develops and applies artificial intelligence to predict financial and economic events that matter. The company uncovers patterns and precise drivers of performance and outcomes with the aid of machine-learning algorithms, big data, and fundamental analysis. Their products are deployed...
Dynatrace is an application performance management software company with products for the information technology departments and digital business owners of medium and large businesses. Building the Future of Monitoring with Artificial Intelligence. Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more busine...
All in Mobile is a place where we continually maximize their impact by fostering understanding, empathy, insights, creativity and joy. They believe that a truly useful and desirable mobile app doesn't need the brightest idea or the most advanced technology. A great product begins with understanding people. It's easy to think that customers will love your app, but can you justify it? They make sure your final app is something that users truly want and need. The only way to do this is by ...
CloudEXPO | DevOpsSUMMIT | DXWorldEXPO are the world's most influential, independent events where Cloud Computing was coined and where technology buyers and vendors meet to experience and discuss the big picture of Digital Transformation and all of the strategies, tactics, and tools they need to realize their goals. Sponsors of DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities.
Digital Transformation and Disruption, Amazon Style - What You Can Learn. Chris Kocher is a co-founder of Grey Heron, a management and strategic marketing consulting firm. He has 25+ years in both strategic and hands-on operating experience helping executives and investors build revenues and shareholder value. He has consulted with over 130 companies on innovating with new business models, product strategies and monetization. Chris has held management positions at HP and Symantec in addition to ...
Cell networks have the advantage of long-range communications, reaching an estimated 90% of the world. But cell networks such as 2G, 3G and LTE consume lots of power and were designed for connecting people. They are not optimized for low- or battery-powered devices or for IoT applications with infrequently transmitted data. Cell IoT modules that support narrow-band IoT and 4G cell networks will enable cell connectivity, device management, and app enablement for low-power wide-area network IoT. B...
The hierarchical architecture that distributes "compute" within the network specially at the edge can enable new services by harnessing emerging technologies. But Edge-Compute comes at increased cost that needs to be managed and potentially augmented by creative architecture solutions as there will always a catching-up with the capacity demands. Processing power in smartphones has enhanced YoY and there is increasingly spare compute capacity that can be potentially pooled. Uber has successfully ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5–7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buye...
When talking IoT we often focus on the devices, the sensors, the hardware itself. The new smart appliances, the new smart or self-driving cars (which are amalgamations of many ‘things'). When we are looking at the world of IoT, we should take a step back, look at the big picture. What value are these devices providing. IoT is not about the devices, its about the data consumed and generated. The devices are tools, mechanisms, conduits. This paper discusses the considerations when dealing with the...