Welcome!

Weblogic Authors: Michael Bushong, Avi Rosenthal

Blog Feed Post

Supercharge Your Web Applications Using JBoss Data Grid

A few weeks ago, on January 16, Divya Mehra and I have delivered a webinar on using the JBoss Data Grid for improving the scalability and performance of web applications. As expected, the webinar has elicited a lot of questions, not all of which could be answered in the allotted time. As they were really interesting though we are trying to answer them here, also for the benefit of a larger audience.

You can watch the webinar here and download it from here.

In our application we have WebSphere running and use JSF + Richfaces and Spring with Oracle 11g. Can JBoss Data Grid be integrated even if we do no use JBoss EAP?

Yes it can. You can use it in either mode: library or remote client-server.

Can data grid operations participate in a distributed transaction? If so, does it ensure that the commit occurs throughout a cluster? Will all nodes be updated?

Yes, JBoss Data Grid supports distributed transactions in both library and remote client-server mode. The nodes can be enlisted as XA resources. Changes will be propagated across the cluster, but are guaranteed to be propagated to all nodes by the end of the transaction only if the replication mode is synchronous. If the replication mode is asynchronous, there are no such guarantees, although the changes will be eventually replicated.

What usage statistics are available from JDG (e.g. cache hits / misses)? Does a UI for viewing these come with the product or is it just JMX data that the client application has to process?

The data collected from monitoring the JBoss Data Grid activity is available as JMX MBeans. It can be visualized using the JBoss Operations Network, included in the product, or with any other JMX tools and clients (jconsole, VisualVM).

Eventual consistency will be available only in V7.0? What happens now if remote distributed JDG nodes cannot communicate and replicate an update? Would the client hang in that case?

Eventual consistency refers to a weaker consistency model than the strong consistency model which is currently implemented by JBoss Data Grid, maximizing availability at the expense of consistency (refer to the CAP theorem for details). With the current strong consistency model, in the case of communication failure, the behaviour of the client will largely depend on the synchronization model chosen – in the case of synchronous replication, the client may block until the client times out (but never indefinitely). In the case of asynchronous replication it will return immediately (even if replication to other nodes isn’t complete yet). Since JBoss Data Grid currently focuses on a strong concurrency model, eventual consistency will be effectively a new feature of the framework, allowing to deal with the state being inconsistent across the cluster under the control of the framework (for example, a GET operation may involve examining all copies of the data and a quorum-based decision as to which is the correct one).

If I use JBoss Data Grid in Library Mode, how do I add a node concretely?

In Library mode, each application creates its own node, embedded in the application. If  multiple deployments of the application exist (for example in a cluster environment), the nodes will communicate with each other.

Is there any way to delete or clear data from the JBoss Data Grid without having to restart it?

Sure, there is. Data can be removed explicitly through remove() or clear() operations in the application, and their equivalents in the command-line interface (CLI) available in JBoss Data Grid 6.1. Eviction and expiration strategies can be set up as well, for removing unused or stale data from the cache.

Is there a strategy for distributing data in the grid and somehow coordinating parallel work on that distributed data?

JBoss Data Grid will provide a distributed execution framework in JBoss Data Grid 6.1, which will provide a flexible framework for coordinating parallel work. Building on top of that, at a higher level, map/reduce capabilities will be available as well.

When you add additional data grid nodes, do you use distributed locking across nodes and, if so, what impact does that have to the performace of the data grid as more nodes are added?

JBoss Data Grid uses lazy remote locking by default, which reduces traffic. But generally speaking, in a data grid scenario, only a subset of the data is available on each node (and there is a limited number of replicas across the cluster), so the addition of new nodes does not necessarily result in an increase of the number of locks. It all depends on how many nodes the data is replicated. The impact of distributed locking can be further reduced if the grouping API is used, to group keys commonly updated together within a single transaction.

But the demo performance data of 20% improvement is based on an in-memory cache without remote calls compared to remote database calls. It’s not a fair comparison. What about a remote cache compared to a remote database?

We will try to produce more data to illustrate other scenarios. It should be noted, however, that JBoss Data Grid is an in-memory data grid by design. Also, while remote calls add to the overhead, the biggest cost in the type of scenario we envisioned comes from the more expensive IO operations elicited by the database access, as well as the reduced concurrency when locking data in the database.

Does the JBoss Data Grid API have a way to ask for all of the keys (across the cluster) — sort of a master index?

In JBoss Data Grid 6.1, this will be possible through a map-reduce operation.

I saw data being accessed using get/put. Do you use SQL or NoSQL to access data?

JBoss Data Grid uses a key-value pair model so access to data is similar to a map. However, other methods of searching for data, such as index-based querying and map-reduce will be available in JBoss Data Grid 6.1.

Does the data grid allow me to specify how many copies of a piece of data are created and distributed? If I have a 20 node cluster, can I request that it be replicated to 2 of the 20 for example?

Yes, the replication and distribution strategies are configurable.


Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Daniel Thompson

I curate the content on this page, but the credit goes to my talented colleagues for the posts that you see here. Much of what you read on this page is the work of friends at How to JBoss, and I encourage you to drop by the site at http://www.howtojboss.com for some of the best JBoss technical and non-technical content for developers, architects and technology executives on the Web.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Connected devices and the Internet of Things are getting significant momentum in 2014. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Hunter, Chief Scientist & Technology Evangelist at Greenwave Systems, examined three key elements that together will drive mass adoption of the IoT before the end of 2015. The first element is the recent advent of robust open source protocols (like AllJoyn and WebRTC) that facilitate M2M communication. The second is broad availability of flexible, cost-effective storage designed to handle the massive surge in back-end data in a world where timely analytics is e...
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jeff Kaplan, Managing Director of THINKstrategies, will examine why IT must finally fulfill its role in support of its SBUs or face a new round of...
How do APIs and IoT relate? The answer is not as simple as merely adding an API on top of a dumb device, but rather about understanding the architectural patterns for implementing an IoT fabric. There are typically two or three trends: Exposing the device to a management framework Exposing that management framework to a business centric logic Exposing that business layer and data to end users. This last trend is the IoT stack, which involves a new shift in the separation of what stuff happens, where data lives and where the interface lies. For instance, it's a mix of architectural styles ...
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC, and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) i...
Cultural, regulatory, environmental, political and economic (CREPE) conditions over the past decade are creating cross-industry solution spaces that require processes and technologies from both the Internet of Things (IoT), and Data Management and Analytics (DMA). These solution spaces are evolving into Sensor Analytics Ecosystems (SAE) that represent significant new opportunities for organizations of all types. Public Utilities throughout the world, providing electricity, natural gas and water, are pursuing SmartGrid initiatives that represent one of the more mature examples of SAE. We have s...
"Matrix is an ambitious open standard and implementation that's set up to break down the fragmentation problems that exist in IP messaging and VoIP communication," explained John Woolf, Technical Evangelist at Matrix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The Internet of Things will greatly expand the opportunities for data collection and new business models driven off of that data. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, discussed how for this to be effective you not only need to have infrastructure and operational models capable of utilizing this new phenomenon, but increasingly service providers will need to convince a skeptical public to participate. Get ready to show them the money!
One of the biggest challenges when developing connected devices is identifying user value and delivering it through successful user experiences. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Mike Kuniavsky, Principal Scientist, Innovation Services at PARC, described an IoT-specific approach to user experience design that combines approaches from interaction design, industrial design and service design to create experiences that go beyond simple connected gadgets to create lasting, multi-device experiences grounded in people's real needs and desires.
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Robin Raymond, Chief Architect at Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services ...
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, discussed single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example t...
The Domain Name Service (DNS) is one of the most important components in networking infrastructure, enabling users and services to access applications by translating URLs (names) into IP addresses (numbers). Because every icon and URL and all embedded content on a website requires a DNS lookup loading complex sites necessitates hundreds of DNS queries. In addition, as more internet-enabled ‘Things' get connected, people will rely on DNS to name and find their fridges, toasters and toilets. According to a recent IDG Research Services Survey this rate of traffic will only grow. What's driving t...
Enthusiasm for the Internet of Things has reached an all-time high. In 2013 alone, venture capitalists spent more than $1 billion dollars investing in the IoT space. With "smart" appliances and devices, IoT covers wearable smart devices, cloud services to hardware companies. Nest, a Google company, detects temperatures inside homes and automatically adjusts it by tracking its user's habit. These technologies are quickly developing and with it come challenges such as bridging infrastructure gaps, abiding by privacy concerns and making the concept a reality. These challenges can't be addressed w...
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent Systems at Red Hat, described how to revolutioniz...
Bit6 today issued a challenge to the technology community implementing Web Real Time Communication (WebRTC). To leap beyond WebRTC’s significant limitations and fully leverage its underlying value to accelerate innovation, application developers need to consider the entire communications ecosystem.
The definition of IoT is not new, in fact it’s been around for over a decade. What has changed is the public's awareness that the technology we use on a daily basis has caught up on the vision of an always on, always connected world. If you look into the details of what comprises the IoT, you’ll see that it includes everything from cloud computing, Big Data analytics, “Things,” Web communication, applications, network, storage, etc. It is essentially including everything connected online from hardware to software, or as we like to say, it’s an Internet of many different things. The difference ...
Cloud Expo 2014 TV commercials will feature @ThingsExpo, which was launched in June, 2014 at New York City's Javits Center as the largest 'Internet of Things' event in the world.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Windstream, a leading provider of advanced network and cloud communications, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9–11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Windstream (Nasdaq: WIN), a FORTUNE 500 and S&P 500 company, is a leading provider of advanced network communications, including cloud computing and managed services, to businesses nationwide. The company also offers broadband, phone and digital TV services to consumers primarily in rural areas.
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The major cloud platforms defy a simple, side-by-side analysis. Each of the major IaaS public-cloud platforms offers their own unique strengths and functionality. Options for on-site private cloud are diverse as well, and must be designed and deployed while taking existing legacy architecture and infrastructure into account. Then the reality is that most enterprises are embarking on a hybrid cloud strategy and programs. In this Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo (http://www.CloudComputingExpo.com), moderated by Ashar Baig, Research Director, Cloud, at Gigaom Research, Nate Gordon, Director of T...