|By Daniel Thompson||
|February 5, 2013 12:35 PM EST||
A few weeks ago, on January 16, Divya Mehra and I have delivered a webinar on using the JBoss Data Grid for improving the scalability and performance of web applications. As expected, the webinar has elicited a lot of questions, not all of which could be answered in the allotted time. As they were really interesting though we are trying to answer them here, also for the benefit of a larger audience.
In our application we have WebSphere running and use JSF + Richfaces and Spring with Oracle 11g. Can JBoss Data Grid be integrated even if we do no use JBoss EAP?
Yes it can. You can use it in either mode: library or remote client-server.
Can data grid operations participate in a distributed transaction? If so, does it ensure that the commit occurs throughout a cluster? Will all nodes be updated?
Yes, JBoss Data Grid supports distributed transactions in both library and remote client-server mode. The nodes can be enlisted as XA resources. Changes will be propagated across the cluster, but are guaranteed to be propagated to all nodes by the end of the transaction only if the replication mode is synchronous. If the replication mode is asynchronous, there are no such guarantees, although the changes will be eventually replicated.
What usage statistics are available from JDG (e.g. cache hits / misses)? Does a UI for viewing these come with the product or is it just JMX data that the client application has to process?
The data collected from monitoring the JBoss Data Grid activity is available as JMX MBeans. It can be visualized using the JBoss Operations Network, included in the product, or with any other JMX tools and clients (jconsole, VisualVM).
Eventual consistency will be available only in V7.0? What happens now if remote distributed JDG nodes cannot communicate and replicate an update? Would the client hang in that case?
Eventual consistency refers to a weaker consistency model than the strong consistency model which is currently implemented by JBoss Data Grid, maximizing availability at the expense of consistency (refer to the CAP theorem for details). With the current strong consistency model, in the case of communication failure, the behaviour of the client will largely depend on the synchronization model chosen – in the case of synchronous replication, the client may block until the client times out (but never indefinitely). In the case of asynchronous replication it will return immediately (even if replication to other nodes isn’t complete yet). Since JBoss Data Grid currently focuses on a strong concurrency model, eventual consistency will be effectively a new feature of the framework, allowing to deal with the state being inconsistent across the cluster under the control of the framework (for example, a GET operation may involve examining all copies of the data and a quorum-based decision as to which is the correct one).
If I use JBoss Data Grid in Library Mode, how do I add a node concretely?
In Library mode, each application creates its own node, embedded in the application. If multiple deployments of the application exist (for example in a cluster environment), the nodes will communicate with each other.
Is there any way to delete or clear data from the JBoss Data Grid without having to restart it?
Sure, there is. Data can be removed explicitly through remove() or clear() operations in the application, and their equivalents in the command-line interface (CLI) available in JBoss Data Grid 6.1. Eviction and expiration strategies can be set up as well, for removing unused or stale data from the cache.
Is there a strategy for distributing data in the grid and somehow coordinating parallel work on that distributed data?
JBoss Data Grid will provide a distributed execution framework in JBoss Data Grid 6.1, which will provide a flexible framework for coordinating parallel work. Building on top of that, at a higher level, map/reduce capabilities will be available as well.
When you add additional data grid nodes, do you use distributed locking across nodes and, if so, what impact does that have to the performace of the data grid as more nodes are added?
JBoss Data Grid uses lazy remote locking by default, which reduces traffic. But generally speaking, in a data grid scenario, only a subset of the data is available on each node (and there is a limited number of replicas across the cluster), so the addition of new nodes does not necessarily result in an increase of the number of locks. It all depends on how many nodes the data is replicated. The impact of distributed locking can be further reduced if the grouping API is used, to group keys commonly updated together within a single transaction.
But the demo performance data of 20% improvement is based on an in-memory cache without remote calls compared to remote database calls. It’s not a fair comparison. What about a remote cache compared to a remote database?
We will try to produce more data to illustrate other scenarios. It should be noted, however, that JBoss Data Grid is an in-memory data grid by design. Also, while remote calls add to the overhead, the biggest cost in the type of scenario we envisioned comes from the more expensive IO operations elicited by the database access, as well as the reduced concurrency when locking data in the database.
Does the JBoss Data Grid API have a way to ask for all of the keys (across the cluster) — sort of a master index?
In JBoss Data Grid 6.1, this will be possible through a map-reduce operation.
I saw data being accessed using get/put. Do you use SQL or NoSQL to access data?
JBoss Data Grid uses a key-value pair model so access to data is similar to a map. However, other methods of searching for data, such as index-based querying and map-reduce will be available in JBoss Data Grid 6.1.
Does the data grid allow me to specify how many copies of a piece of data are created and distributed? If I have a 20 node cluster, can I request that it be replicated to 2 of the 20 for example?
Yes, the replication and distribution strategies are configurable.
I'm a lonely sensor. I spend all day telling the world how I'm feeling, but none of the other sensors seem to care. I want to be connected. I want to build relationships with other sensors to be more useful for my human. I want my human to understand that when my friends next door are too hot for a while, I'll soon be flaming. And when all my friends go outside without me, I may be left behind. Don't just log my data; use the relationship graph. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ryan Boyd, Engi...
Sep. 28, 2016 02:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,331
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
Sep. 28, 2016 02:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,120
From wearable activity trackers to fantasy e-sports, data and technology are transforming the way athletes train for the game and fans engage with their teams. In his session at @ThingsExpo, will present key data findings from leading sports organizations San Francisco 49ers, Orlando Magic NBA team. By utilizing data analytics these sports orgs have recognized new revenue streams, doubled its fan base and streamlined costs at its stadiums. John Paul is the CEO and Founder of VenueNext. Prior ...
Sep. 28, 2016 01:45 AM EDT Reads: 3,032
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Sep. 28, 2016 01:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,787
SYS-CON Events announced today that Numerex Corp, a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT), will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Numerex Corp. (NASDAQ:NMRX) is a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT). The Company's solutions produce new revenue streams or create operating...
Sep. 28, 2016 01:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,027
WebRTC adoption has generated a wave of creative uses of communications and collaboration through websites, sales apps, customer care and business applications. As WebRTC has become more mainstream it has evolved to use cases beyond the original peer-to-peer case, which has led to a repeating requirement for interoperability with existing infrastructures. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Graham Holt, Executive Vice President of Daitan Group, will cover implementation examples that have enabled ea...
Sep. 28, 2016 01:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,561
IoT offers a value of almost $4 trillion to the manufacturing industry through platforms that can improve margins, optimize operations & drive high performance work teams. By using IoT technologies as a foundation, manufacturing customers are integrating worker safety with manufacturing systems, driving deep collaboration and utilizing analytics to exponentially increased per-unit margins. However, as Benoit Lheureux, the VP for Research at Gartner points out, “IoT project implementers often ...
Sep. 27, 2016 10:45 PM EDT Reads: 3,405
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, will compare the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, e...
Sep. 27, 2016 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,195
Complete Internet of Things (IoT) embedded device security is not just about the device but involves the entire product’s identity, data and control integrity, and services traversing the cloud. A device can no longer be looked at as an island; it is a part of a system. In fact, given the cross-domain interactions enabled by IoT it could be a part of many systems. Also, depending on where the device is deployed, for example, in the office building versus a factory floor or oil field, security ha...
Sep. 27, 2016 09:30 PM EDT Reads: 497
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...
Sep. 27, 2016 09:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,978
Is your aging software platform suffering from technical debt while the market changes and demands new solutions at a faster clip? It’s a bold move, but you might consider walking away from your core platform and starting fresh. ReadyTalk did exactly that. In his General Session at 19th Cloud Expo, Michael Chambliss, Head of Engineering at ReadyTalk, will discuss why and how ReadyTalk diverted from healthy revenue and over a decade of audio conferencing product development to start an innovati...
Sep. 27, 2016 08:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,047
Fifty billion connected devices and still no winning protocols standards. HTTP, WebSockets, MQTT, and CoAP seem to be leading in the IoT protocol race at the moment but many more protocols are getting introduced on a regular basis. Each protocol has its pros and cons depending on the nature of the communications. Does there really need to be only one protocol to rule them all? Of course not. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, walk you through how Oct...
Sep. 27, 2016 08:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,242
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For more than two decades, Bsquare has helped its customers extract business value from a broad array of physical assets by making them intelligent, connecting them, and using the data they generate to optimize business processes.
Sep. 27, 2016 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,880
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
Sep. 27, 2016 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,577
There are several IoTs: the Industrial Internet, Consumer Wearables, Wearables and Healthcare, Supply Chains, and the movement toward Smart Grids, Cities, Regions, and Nations. There are competing communications standards every step of the way, a bewildering array of sensors and devices, and an entire world of competing data analytics platforms. To some this appears to be chaos. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, Bradley Holt, Developer Advocate a...
Sep. 27, 2016 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,218
If you’re responsible for an application that depends on the data or functionality of various IoT endpoints – either sensors or devices – your brand reputation depends on the security, reliability, and compliance of its many integrated parts. If your application fails to deliver the expected business results, your customers and partners won't care if that failure stems from the code you developed or from a component that you integrated. What can you do to ensure that the endpoints work as expect...
Sep. 27, 2016 05:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,671
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, provided tips on how to be successful in large scale machine learning...
Sep. 27, 2016 05:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,049
If you had a chance to enter on the ground level of the largest e-commerce market in the world – would you? China is the world’s most populated country with the second largest economy and the world’s fastest growing market. It is estimated that by 2018 the Chinese market will be reaching over $30 billion in gaming revenue alone. Admittedly for a foreign company, doing business in China can be challenging. Often changing laws, administrative regulations and the often inscrutable Chinese Interne...
Sep. 27, 2016 05:15 PM EDT Reads: 341
Enterprise IT has been in the era of Hybrid Cloud for some time now. But it seems most conversations about Hybrid are focused on integrating AWS, Microsoft Azure, or Google ECM into existing on-premises systems. Where is all the Private Cloud? What do technology providers need to do to make their offerings more compelling? How should enterprise IT executives and buyers define their focus, needs, and roadmap, and communicate that clearly to the providers?
Sep. 27, 2016 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,606
SYS-CON Events announced today that Commvault, a global leader in enterprise data protection and information management, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Commvault is a leading provider of data protection and information management solutions, helping companies worldwide activate their data to drive more value and business insight and to transform moder...
Sep. 27, 2016 03:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,780